Bitcoin Mining: Wie funktioniert es? Lohnt sich BTC-Mining ...
[OWL WATCH] Waiting for "IOTA TIME" 20; Hans's re-defined directions for DLT
Disclaimer: This is my editing, so there could be some misunderstandings... -------------------------------------------- wellwho오늘 오후 4:50 u/BenRoyce****how far is society2 from having something clickable powered by IOTA? Ben Royce오늘 오후 4:51 demo of basic tech late sep/ early oct. MVP early 2021 --------------------------------------------------- HusQy Colored coins are the most misunderstood upcoming feature of the IOTA protocol. A lot of people see them just as a competitor to ERC-20 tokens on ETH and therefore a way of tokenizing things on IOTA, but they are much more important because they enable "consensus on data". Bob All this stuff already works on neblio but decentralized and scaling to 3500 tps HusQy Neblio has 8 mb blocks with 30 seconds blocktime.This is a throughput of 8 mb / 30 seconds = 267 kb per second.Transactions are 401+ bytes which means that throughput is 267 kb / 401 bytes = 665 TPS. IOTA is faster, feeless and will get even faster with the next update ... ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy Which DLT would be more secure? One that is collaboratively validated by the economic actors of the world (coporations, companies, foundations, states, people) or one that is validated by an anonymous group of wealthy crypto holders? HusQy The problem with current DLTs is that we use protection mechanisms like Proof of Work and Proof of Stake that are inherently hard to shard. The more shards you have, the more you have to distribute your hashing power and your stake and the less secure the system becomes. HusQy Real world identities (i.e. all the big economic actors) however could shard into as many shards as necessary without making the system less secure. Todays DLTs waste trust in the same way as PoW wastes energy. HusQy Is a secure money worth anything if you can't trust the economic actors that you would buy stuff from? If you buy a car from Volkswagen and they just beat you up and throw you out of the shop after you payed then a secure money won't be useful either :P HusQy **I believe that if you want to make DLT work and be successful then we need to ultimately incorporate things like trust in entities into the technology.**Examples likes wirecard show that trusting a single company is problematic buttrusting the economy as a whole should be at ... **... least as secure as todays DLTs.**And as soon as you add sharding it will be orders of magnitude more secure.DLT has failed to deliver because people have tried to build a system in vacuum that completely ignores things that already exist and that you can leverage on. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy Blockchain is a bit like people sitting in a room, trying to communicate through BINGO sheets. While they talk, they write down some of the things that have been said and as soon as one screams BINGO! he hands around his sheet to inform everybody about what has been said. HusQy If you think that this is the most efficient form of communication for people sitting in the same room and the answer to scalability is to make bigger BINGO sheets or to allow people to solve the puzzle faster then you will most probably never understand what IOTA is working on. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy **Blockchain does not work with too many equally weighted validators.****If 400 validators produce a validating statement (block) at the same time then only one can survive as part of a longest chain.**IOTA is all about collaborative validation. **Another problem of blockchain is that every transaction gets sent twice through the network. Once from the nodes to the miners and a 2nd time from the miners as part of a block.**Blockchain will therefore always only be able to use 50% of the network throughput. And****the last problem is that you can not arbitrarily decrease the time between blocks as it breaks down if the time between blocks gets smaller than the average network delay. The idle time between blocks is precious time that could be used for processing transactions. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy I am not talking about a system with a fixed number of validators but one that is completely open and permissionless where any new company can just spin up a node and take part in the network. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ HusQy Proof of Work and Proof of Stake are both centralizing sybil-protection mechanism. I don't think that Satoshi wanted 14 mining pools to run the network. And "economic clustering" was always the "end game" of IOTA. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy **Using Proof of Stake is not trustless. Proof of Stake means you trust the richest people and hope that they approve your transactions. The rich are getting richer (through your fees) and you are getting more and more dependant on them.**Is that your vision of the future? ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy Please read again exactly what I wrote. I have not spoken of introducing governance by large companies, nor have I said that IOTA should be permissioned. We aim for a network with millions or even billions of nodes. HusQy That can't work at all with a permissioned ledger - who should then drop off all these devices or authorize them to participate in the network? My key message was the following: Proof of Work and Proof of Stake will always be if you split them up via sharding ... HusQy ... less secure because you simply need fewer coins or less hash power to have the majority of the votes in a shard. This is not the case with trust in society and the economy. When all companies in the world jointly secure a DLT ... HusQy ... then these companies could install any number of servers in any number of shards without compromising security, because "trust" does not become less just because they operate several servers. First of all, that is a fact and nothing else. HusQy Proof of Work and Proof of Stake are contrary to the assumption of many not "trustless" but follow the maxim: "In the greed of miners we trust!" The basic assumption that the miners do not destroy the system that generates income for them is fundamental here for the ... HusQy ... security of every DLT. I think a similar assumption would still be correct for the economy as a whole: The companies of the world (and not just the big ones) would not destroy the system with which their customers pay them. In this respect, a system would be ... HusQy ... which is validated by society and the economy as a whole probably just as "safely" as a system which is validated by a few anonymous miners. Why a small elite of miners should be better validators than any human and ... HusQy ... To be honest, companies in this world do not open up to me. As already written in my other thread, safe money does not bring you anything if you have to assume that Volkswagen will beat you up and throw you out of the store after you ... HusQy ... paid for a car. The thoughts I discussed say nothing about the immediate future of IOTA (we use for Coordicide mana) but rather speak of a world where DLT has already become an integral part of our lives and we ... HusQy ... a corresponding number of companies, non-profit organizations and people have used DLT and where such a system could be implemented. The point here is not to create a governance solution that in any way influences the development of technology ... HusQy ... or have to give nodes their OK first, but about developing a system that enables people to freely choose the validators they trust. For example, you can also declare your grandma to be a validator when you install your node or your ... HusQy ... local supermarket. Economic relationships in the real world usually form a close-knit network and it doesn't really matter who you follow as long as the majority is honest. I also don't understand your criticism of censorship, because something like that in IOTA ... HusQy ... is almost impossible. Each transaction confirms two other transactions which is growing exponentially. If someone wanted to ignore a transaction, he would have to ignore an exponential number of other transactions after a very short time. In contrast to blockchain ... HusQy ... validators in IOTA do not decide what is included in the ledger, but only decide which of several double spends should be confirmed. Honest transactions are confirmed simply by having other transactions reference them ... HusQy ... and the "validators" are not even asked. As for the "dust problem", this is indeed something that is a bigger problem for IOTA than for other DLTs because we have no fees, but it is also not an unsolvable problem. Bitcoin initially has a ... HusQy Solved similar problem by declaring outputs with a minimum amount of 5430 satoshis as invalid (github.com/Bitcoin/Bitcoi…). A similar solution where an address must contain a minimum amount is also conceivable for IOTA and we are discussing ... HusQy ... several possibilities (including compressing dust using cryptographic methods). Contrary to your assumption, checking such a minimum amount is not slow but just as fast as checking a normal transaction. And mine ... HusQy ... In my opinion this is no problem at all for IOTA's use case. The important thing is that you can send small amounts, but after IOTA is feeless it is also okay to expect the recipients to regularly send their payments on a ... HusQy ... merge address. The wallets already do this automatically (sweeping) and for machines it is no problem to automate this process. So far this was not a problem because the TPS were limited but with the increased TPS throughput of ... HusQy ... Chrysalis it becomes relevant and appropriate solutions are discussed and then implemented accordingly. I think that was the most important thing first and if you have further questions just write :) HusQy And to be very clear! I really appreciate you and your questions and don't see this as an attack at all! People who see such questions as inappropriate criticism should really ask whether they are still objective. I have little time at the moment because ... HusQy ... my girlfriend is on tour and has to take care of our daughter, but as soon as she is back we can discuss these things in a video. I think that the concept of including the "real world" in the concepts of DLT is really exciting and ... HusQy ... that would certainly be exciting to discuss in a joint video. But again, that's more of a vision than a specific plan for the immediate future. This would not work with blockchain anyway but IOTA would be compatible so why not think about such things. ----------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy All good my big one :P But actually not that much has changed. There has always been the concept of "economic clustering" which is basically based on similar ideas. We are just now able to implement things like this for the first time. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- HusQy Exactly. It would mean that addresses "cost" something but I would rather pay a few cents than fees for each transaction. And you can "take" this minimum amount with you every time you change to a new address. HusQy All good my big one :P But actually not that much has changed. There has always been the concept of "economic clustering" which is basically based on similar ideas. We are just now able to implement things like this for the first time. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Relax오늘 오전 1:17 Btw. Hans (sorry for interrupting this convo) but what make people say that IOTA is going the permissioned way because of your latest tweets? I don't get why some people are now forecasting that... Is it because of missing specs or do they just don't get the whole idea? Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:20 its bullshitu/Relaxanidentity based system would still be open and permissionless where everybody can choose the actors that they deem trustworthy themselves but thats anyway just sth that would be applicable with more adoption [오전 1:20] for now we use mana as a predecessor to an actual reputation system Sissors오늘 오전 1:31 If everybody has to choose actors they deem trustworthy, is it still permissionless? Probably will become a bit a semantic discussion, but still Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:34 Of course its permissionless you can follow your grandma if you want to :p Sissors오늘 오전 1:36 Well sure you can, but you will need to follow something which has a majority of the voting power in the network. Nice that you follow your grandma, but if others dont, her opinion (or well her nodes opinion) is completely irrelevant Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:37 You would ideally follow the people that are trustworthy rather than your local drug dealers yeah Sissors오늘 오전 1:38 And tbh, sure if you do it like that is easy. If you just make the users responsible for only connection to trustworthy nodes Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:38 And if your grandma follows her supermarket and some other people she deems trustworthy then thats fine as well [오전 1:38] + you dont have just 1 actor that you follow Sissors오늘 오전 1:38 No, you got a large list, since yo uwant to follow those which actually matter. So you jsut download a standard list from the internet Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:39 You can do that [오전 1:39] Is bitcoin permissionless? Should we both try to become miners? [오전 1:41] I mean miners that actually matter and not find a block every 10 trillion years 📷 [오전 1:42] If you would want to become a validator then you would need to build up trust among other people - but anybody can still run a node and issue transactions unlike in hashgraph where you are not able to run your own nodes(수정됨) [오전 1:48] Proof of Stake is also not trustless - it just has a builtin mechanism that downloads the trusted people from the blockchain itself (the richest dudes) Sissors오늘 오전 1:52 I think most agree it would be perfect if every person had one vote. Which is pr oblematic to implement of course. But I really wonder if the solution is to just let users decide who to trust. At the very least I expect a quite centralized network Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:53 of course even a trust based system would to a certain degree be centralized as not every person is equally trustworthy as for example a big cooperation [오전 1:53] but I think its gonna be less centralized than PoS or PoW [오전 1:53] but anyway its sth for "after coordicide" [오전 1:54] there are not enough trusted entities that are using DLT, yet to make such a system work reasonably well [오전 1:54] I think the reason why blockchain has not really started to look into these kind of concepts is because blockchain doesnt work with too many equally weighted validators [오전 1:56] I believe that DLT is only going to take over the world if it is actually "better" than existing systems and with better I mean cheaper, more secure and faster and PoS and PoW will have a very hard time to deliver that [오전 1:56] especially if you consider that its not only going to settle value transfers Relax오늘 오전 1:57 I like this clear statements, it makes it really clear that DLT is still in its infancy Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:57 currently bank transfers are order of magnitude cheaper than BTC or ETH transactions Hans Moog [IF]오늘 오전 1:57 and we you think that people will adopt it just because its crypto then I think we are mistaken [오전 1:57] The tech needs to actually solve a problem [오전 1:57] and tbh. currently people use PayPal and other companies to settle their payments [오전 1:58] having a group of the top 500 companies run such a service together is already much better(수정됨) [오전 1:58] especially if its fast and feeless [오전 2:02] and the more people use it, the more decentralized it actually becomes [오전 2:02] because you have more trustworthy entities to choose of Evaldas [IF]오늘 오전 2:08 "in the greed of miners we trust"
Bitcoin has been known by many to be the most famous decentralized cryptocurrency. However, besides bitcoin there exists other altcoins that confer a great value as well. Are you interested in learning about other cryptocurrencies? Well, bitcoin is not alone. Here are others. 1. Litecoin (LTC) Statistics show that as of July 2018, Litecoin had per token value of $87.56. The coin was created by former Google engineer and MIT graduate named Charlie Lee. Just like bitcoin, Litecoin is not controlled by any central authority. It uses ''scrypt'' as proof of work. Different from bitcoin, Litecoin has got a faster block generation rate. This means that it offers a faster transaction confirmation. The coin is based on an open source global payment network. The coin is generally accepted by merchants with the number growing each day. In July 2018, it had a market cap of $5.03 billion. 2. Ethereum (ETH) It was launched in the year 2015. ETH is a decentralized software platform. It enables Distributed Applications and Smart Contracts to be built and run without downtime, fraud, control or third party interference. There exists a component called ether which acts like a vehicle within the ethereum platform. Developers seeking to develop and run applications within ethereum and investors aiming to purchases other digital currencies are the most interested parties in ether. Value per token of ethereum as of July 2018 was $474.66 and a market cap of $ 47.84. Ethereum is the second most important cryptocurrency from bitcoin. 3. Zcash (ZEC) Just like other altcoins, Zcash is an open-source and decentralized cryptocurrency. It was launched in the year 2016. This cryptocurrency is known to offer privacy and selective transparency of transactions. It's a unique feature different from other altcoins, isn't it? ZEC claims to offer extra security where all the transactions are recorded and published on a blockchain. However, finer details involving the sender and recipient, and the amount are kept private. Statistics show that as of July 2018, Zcash had per token value of $206.23. It had a market cap of $904.85 in the same month. 4. Dash It was originally known as darkcoin. Dash is a more secretive version of bitcoin. The working of Dash makes transactions almost untraceable. This because it provides anonymity since it works on a decentralized mastercode network. Dash was launched in January 2014. Since then it has experienced an increase in fan following despite the short period of time. The cryptocurrency was created by Evan Duffield. It can be mined using a GPU or a CPU. Studies indicate that in July 2018, Dash had a market cap of $2.19 billion and value per token of $266.58.
Gulden [NLG] - Constant development - In wallet Staking/Mining/Dex
Official Website / Official Slack About Gulden: How to setup a Witness (Staking) Gulden was founded in April 2014 based on the Litecoin codebase. In 2015 the Litecoin codebase is abandoned and Gulden switched to the Bitcoin codebase. After years of development it can be said that Gulden now has its own codebase. Gulden started with a 10% premine that was spent entirely on development. The current developments are now paid by part of the mining reward. The direction of the developments are determined by the Gulden advisory board (GAB). The GAB consists of 9 members and is elected each year from the members of the community. Anyone can stand for election. Voting for candidates is recorded and done through the Gulden blockchain. Gulden would like to become a generally accepted means of payment. To this end, the development is aimed at making the wallets as user-friendly as possible. What makes Gulden unique: - PoW2 - Proof of work + Witness/Staking - SegSig (Segregated Signature) - SIGMA (Semi Iterated Global Memory Argon) - Linking (Control your mobile wallet from your desktop wallet) - Wallet accounts - Unity (Unified codebase) - Delta (Difficulty Algorithm) - Sonic (Fast Sync) Features of Gulden explained: PoW2: Gulden does not use a standard PoW consensus model, but the in-house developed PoW2 model. This is a combination of PoW and Witness. Miners control the transactions and the Witness controls the miners. In order to get the same chance of success for a double spend as for the single transaction approval systems it is therefore necessary not to control >50% of the mining power or >50% of the number of coins in witness accounts but to own more than 71% of both systems. (0.71 * 0.71 = 0.5 so 50% chance). Because many Gulden owners have their Gulden fixed in witness, it is difficult to get a 71% majority in witness. There are now more than 100 million Gulden in witness. In order to get a 71% majority, an attacker has to secure an additional 220 million Gulden in witness. Apart from the fact that this is almost impossible, the price of the Gulden would go up sky high if so much Gulden had to be bought by the attacker. And because the attacker has to lock the Gulden, it looks like a bank robber who is going to rob his own bank. So such an attack is theoretically possible, but not possible in reality. Anyone can become a witness: by locking an amount of Gulden in a Witness account in the desktop wallet for a certain amount of time. Depending on the weighting of the witness account (chosen duration and amount in the account) the witness earns rewards. The advantage of this system is that the Gulden blockchain can withstand 51% attacks without relying heavily on energy-guzzling PoW miners or vulnerable standard PoS systems. Transactions can be safely accepted after one confirmation instead of the standard 3-6 confirmations.
SIGMA: Since October 17, 2019, the Gulden team has implemented the Sigma algorithm and since then it is possible to mine Gulden solo without additional equipment. The algorithm is asic resistant and can be done on a normal desktop computer using it’s CPU. One can simply use this CPU mining algorithm by creating a mining account in the desktop wallet and start mining Gulden. SegSig - Segregated Signature - Detailed article still to be published but was implemented with PoW2. Advantages of Segregated Signature: 1. 58% space saving on all transactions. More then twice the bitcoin SegWit implementation. 2. 58% increased transaction throughput. No block size or frequency changes needed. 3. Overhaul to the transaction script system which allowed us to implement PoW² and SegSig as clean as possible along with other benefits. Please take your time and read the technicals on this coin as its truly phenomenal and seriously under valorised and recognised. Barely any effort has been made to market its potential but you can judge yourself. Read the PoW2 Whitepaper or the short version PoW2 simply explained The Official Website and Official Slack chatroom.
[OC] If the regular season ended today, who would make your All-NBA 1st team? And 2nd team? And 3rd team? And 4th team? And 5th team? And 6th team? And 7th -- uh oh -- I think I lost my marbles... but let's keep going... 8th team? 9th team? 10th team?
Getting named as an NBA All-Star is a high honor, but being named to an All-NBA team is even rarer air. After all, only 15 players in the entire league earn that distinction. The fact that it's such an exclusive club makes it so important, so the idea of adding more players to the list would devalue it by nature. It'd be a silly, fruitless exercise, and a complete waste of time. That said... it sure beats "reality" right now. And in the interest of escapism, let's entertain that hypothetical. Who would make your 1st team All-NBA? Your 2nd? Your 3rd? Your 4th? The challenge is get all the way up to the 10th if you can handle that test of your sanity. For my own, I include a few caveats: --- The NBA breaks down All-NBA spots more traditionally with frontcourt and backcourt, but I find that outdated. For mine, I'm going to include 1 "lead guard," 2 "wings," 1 "big," and 1 "flex" that can be any position. To me, that's reflective of the modern game. Most teams play with 1 guard, 3 wings, and 1 big, but there are teams that use 2 lead guards, or 2 bigs, etc. --- The nature of basketball statistics tends to break down by game, or by minute, or even by play/possession. In the process, we tend to overlook players who are durable and add aggravate value over the course of a season. Personally, I'm going to factor in "games played" more than most would. --- The advanced stats I'm listing are true shooting percentage and ESPN's estimated "wins added" based on their real plus/minus metric. With all that said, let's get to the madness.
GUARD: James Harden (HOU). 34.4 points, 7.4 assists, 62 TS%, +10.4 wins added You can tell when a player has reached an historic level of greatness when no one seems to care when they're averaging over 34 points per game (on awesome efficiency.) Ho hum. WING: LeBron James (LAL). 25.7 points, 10.6 assists, 58 TS%, +11.0 wins added After last year's disappointment, LeBron James has come back leaner and meaner, with much better effort on D. He hasn't been attacking the paint and drawing fouls quite as well as he did in his youth, but he's adjusted his playing style and racked up a career high in assists. WING: Giannis Antetounkmpo (MIL). 29.6 points, 13.7 rebounds, 61 TS%, +11.2 wins added The Greek Freak's struggles at the free throw line (down to 63%) have lowered his efficiency from last year, but he's still clearly in contention for another MVP season. His point total nearly matches his minutes (30.9). BIG: Nikola Jokic (DEN). 20.2 points, 6.9 assists, 60 TS%, +6.0 wins added The Joker LOOKS like he should be a complete liability on defense, but the stats haven't born that out (he's +1.8 on that end in RPM.) And given that, his transcendent passing ability assists (get it???) his 1st team candidacy. FLEX: Anthony Davis (LAL). 26.7 points, 2.4 blocks, 61 TS%, +5.2 wins added The Lakers have vaulted into the top 3 in defense, largely due to Anthony Davis' ability to wreak havoc on that end. And keep in mind, he's leading his team in PPG as well.
GUARD: Damian Lillard (POR). 28.9 points, 7.8 assists, 62 TS%, +4.9 wins added If it wasn't for Steph Curry and James Harden, Dame would be looking at a lot more first-team All-NBA seasons. This hasn't been Portland's best by any stretch, but it's hard to fault him for that. WING: Luka Doncic (DAL). 28.7 points, 8.7 assists, 58 TS%, +5.9 wins added No doubt, Luka Doncic is our toughest exclusion from the 1st team and the one I figure will be the most unpopular pick (so far.) The reason he slipped off the 1st team for me is the injury; he's played 10 less games than Nikola Jokic. WING: Kawhi Leonard (LAC). 26.9 points, 5.0 assists, 59 TS%, +5.7 wins added Similarly, it's always going to be tough for me to justify Kawhi on a 1st team as long as he takes off games (he's missed 13/64 so far.) Still, he should be rested and ready to go for another title campaign. BIG: Rudy Gobert (UTA). 15.1 points, 13.7 rebounds, 70 TS%, +4.5 wins added I wonder if Rudy Gobert's coronavirus issues will hurt him in media votes in the future. Personally, I'm just going to keep rewarding him and recognizing him as one of the most impactful players in the league. FLEX: Jimmy Butler (MIA). 20.2 points, 6.1 assists, 58 TS%, +4.1 wins added Jimmy Butler's struggled to score from the field this year, but his ability to draw contact and get to the line (9.1 FTA) keeps his efficiency above average. And therein, his passing and defense help boost him into this range.
GUARD: Chris Paul (OKC). 17.7 points, 6.8 assists, 61 TS%, +5.5 wins added An incredible year all around for CP3, who has turned 35 years old this month. WING: Jayson Tatum (BOS). 23.6 points, 7.1 rebounds, 56 TS%, +4.6 wins added We all know him as a deadly scorer, but Jayson Tatum's added strength has helped him hang at the 4 spot on defense, which is a boon for the Celtics' small-ball/wing-ball approach. WING: Khris Middleton (MIL). 21.1 points, 6.2 rebounds, 62 TS%, +3.7 wins added Giannis is the engine that drives the Bucks, but having shooters like Middleton around him is key. BIG: Pascal Siakam (TOR). 23.6 points, 3.6 assists, 56 TS%, +4.8 wins added Without Kawhi Leonard soaking up attention, Pascal Siakam's not getting as many easy baskets (his 2-point FG% has dropped from 60.2% to 50.6%.) Still, he's a hugely valuable player on both ends of the floor. Is he a true “big?” No. But I think that term is broad enough to extend past centers and can include PFs as well for our purposes. FLEX: Russell Westbrook (HOU). 27.5 points, 8.0 rebounds, 54 TS%, +6.0 wins added I've never been a big Westbrook fan, but I give him credit for keeping his activity level and productivity up in a new role. He's gotten better and better as the season has gone on as well.
GUARD: Ben Simmons (PHI). 16.7 points, 8.2 assists, 61 TS%, +4.2 wins added Shooting? Still a problem. But fortunately, Ben Simmons does virtually everything else well. He can also step up his game when needed (like when Embiid is out.) WING: Donovan Mitchell (UTA). 24.2 points, 4.2 assists, 56 TS%, +2.1 wins added I don't know if Donovan Mitchell is truly any better than any high-scoring SGs like Devin Booker or Zach LaVine, but we have to reward him from being on a winner. WING: Brandon Ingram (NO). 24.3 points, 6.3 rebounds, 59 TS%, +2.4 wins added A candidate for Most Improved, Brandon Ingram helped carry his team early in the season. He'll still have to figure out his chemistry with Zion Williamson, but it's safe to say he made himself a lot of money this year. BIG: Bam Adebayo (MIA). 16.2 points, 10.5 rebounds, 61 TS%, +3.1 wins added Bam's ability to move the ball on offense (5+ assists) and move his feet on defense is key to the team. The scary part is: he may have another level to his game to reach. FLEX: Devin Booker (PHX). 26.1 points, 6.6 assists, 62 TS%, +3.5 wins added It's getting hard to blame Devin Booker for Phoenix's W-L record. He's just a flat-out stud scorer.
GUARD: Trae Young (ATL). 29.6 points, 9.3 assists, 60 TS%, +3.2 wins added Like Devin Booker, Trae Young is an offensive savant. Unfortunately, his defense is even more of an issue. He graded at -3.1 in RPM on that end, one of the worst in the entire NBA. WING: Bradley Beal (WAS). 30.5 points, 6.1 assists, 58 TS%, +1.8 wins added You expect Trae Young to be bad at defense, but Bradley Beal has graded surprisingly bad there as well (-2.8 RPM.) Of course, starting alongside Isaiah Thomas doesn't make that easy. Nevertheless, we had to downgrade him a few spots for the inconsistent effort there. WING: Jaylen Brown (BOS). 20.4 points, 6.4 rebounds, 59 TS%, +3.3 wins added Coming out of Cal, some scouts questions Jaylen Brown's feel for the game. Right now, it's hard to find many things that he doesn't do well. BIG: Joel Embiid (PHI). 23.4 points, 11.8 rebounds, 59 TS%, +2.8 wins added Embiid would rank higher at full strength, but he's missed about 1/3 of the season so far. FLEX: Kyle Lowry (TOR). 19.7 points, 7.7 assists, 59 TS%, +3.2 wins added Now age 34, Kyle Lowry continues to play very well on both ends. He's the little engine that could -- or perhaps more appropriately, the caboose.
GUARD: Eric Bledsoe (MIL). 15.4 points, 5.4 assists, 58 TS%, +2.9 wins added Eric Bledsoe gets more flak than credit, but he's still one of the best players on the best team in the league. WING: Zach LaVine (CHI). 25.5 points, 4.2 assists, 57 TS%, +4.3 wins added If the Bulls had a better record, Zach LaVine could have been a few spots higher. His defense isn't quite as bad as advertised either. WING: C.J. McCollum (POR). 22.5 points, 4.3 assists, 54 TS%, +3.7 wins added This must be the "all flak" team, because C.J. McCollum also gets blamed a lot for Portland's struggles to get over the hump. To me, Dame+CJ isn't the problem; the complete mess at the SF-PF position is to blame. BIG: Domatas Sabonis (IND). 18.5 points, 12.4 rebounds, 59 TS%, +1.5 wins added Arvydas' kid also has some baby Joker to his game, as his 5.0 assists are a huge part of Indiana's offense. FLEX: Paul George (LAC). 21.0 points, 3.9 assists, 58 TS%, +2.5 wins added Again, I'm factoring in games played more than most, and Paul George (42 GP) has missed quite a bit of time.
GUARD: Kemba Walker (BOS). 21.2 points, 4.9 assists, 57 TS%, +2.5 wins added Kemba Walker doesn't have the same workload in Boston as he did in Charlotte, and the stats reflect that. Still, he's safely one of the top 10 PGs in the league. WING: Bojan Bogdanovic (UTA). 20.2 points, 4.1 rebounds, 60 TS%, +2.6 wins added Here we're talking BOJAN (from Utah) and not BOGDAN (from Sacramento), although they're both good. Bogey's delivered on the three-point shooting for Utah, hitting 41.4% on 7+ attempts a game. WING: Danilo Gallinari (OKC). 19.2 points, 5.5 rebounds, 61 TS%, +2.8 wins added Perpetually underrated, it may be time we stop acting shocked when Gallo's teams (LAC last year, OKC this year) are better than people expect. BIG: Karl-Anthony Towns (MIN). 26.5 points, 10.8 rebounds, 64 TS%, +2.7 wins added KAT was among the hardest to rank for me. Offensively, he's historically great -- arguably the best shooting center of all time. The defense is an issue, of course, and the workload is what doomed him on my list. His 35 games played is our lowest total so far. FLEX: Jrue Holiday (NO). 19.6 points, 6.9 assists, 54 TS%, +3.5 wins added It's fitting that Jrue Holiday is listed at "flex," because he's gone from a pure point guard to a jack of all trades.
GUARD: Ja Morant (MEM). 17.6 points, 6.9 assists, 57 TS%, +1.6 wins added As the lead guard of a team, you expect Ja Morant to put up good raw stats. However, his efficiency and steadiness is remarkable for a rookie making the leap from Murray State. He also gets a boost for leading Memphis into playoff position (for now, until the NBA decides to snatch that away.) WING: Evan Fournier (ORL). 18.8 points, 3.2 assists, 60 TS%, +2.1 wins added Quietly, Evan Fournier is having a good season for Orlando. If you don't believe me, google it. WING: Robert Covington (HOU). 12.8 points, 1.5 steals, 57 TS%, +2.8 wins added Every team would love to have a low-usage 3+D forward like RoCo. Except for Philly and Minnesota, I guess. BIG: Hassan Whiteside (POR). 16.3 points, 14.2 rebounds, 64 TS%, +2.1 wins added This may be a controversial pick because Whiteside has become a punching bag for fans, but he may have made the rare transition from underrated to overrated (and overpaid) and back to underrated again. FLEX: Tobias Harris (PHI). 19.4 points, 6.8 rebounds, 56 TS%, +2.1 wins added Speaking of overpaid... Tobias Harris hasn't lived up to his giant contract yet, but he's undoubtedly a good starter to have on your team.
GUARD: Spencer Dinwiddie (TOR). 20.6 points, 6.8 assists, 54 TS%, +3.0 wins added Nothing raises your bitcoin valuation more than that sweet, sweet All-NBA 9th team trophy. WING: Shai Gilgeous-Alexander (OKC). 19.3 points, 6.1 rebounds, 57 TS%, +2.1 wins added Like Jrue Holiday, SGA is a point who can play "up" a position. In fact, he’s been working effectively at both SG and SF this year, as illustrated by that nice rebounding rate. WING: Duncan Robinson (MIA). 13.3 points, 3.3 rebounds, 68 TS%, +3.0 wins added This may be high for a one-trick pony, but that trick happens to be quite a valuable one. The unknown Robinson is hitting 44.8% of his threes (at 8.4 attempts per game.) He's a huge part of Miami's offensive gameplan. BIG: Kristaps Porzingis (DAL). 19.2 points, 9.5 rebounds, 54 TS%, +3.9 wins added Too high? Too low? I can't figure out Porzingis' season in Dallas so far. Still, any big who can block shots and hit threes has an inherent value. FLEX: Dennis Schroder (OKC). 19.0 points, 4.1 assists, 57 TS%, +5.4 wins added Perhaps the biggest surprise to OKC's success this season has been a career year for Dennis Schroder off the bench. He's even played well when paired with CP3 and SGA in the same lineup. The stats suggest that Schroder should rank even higher than this, but I'm still trying to wrap my mind around him becoming such an efficient player all of a sudden.
GUARD: Lou Williams (LAC). 18.7 points, 5.7 assists, 55 TS%, +3.6 wins added Sweet Lou has a little less to do now that Kawhi Leonard and Paul George are in town, but he's still one of the best scorers off the bench. WING: Buddy Hield (SAC). 19.8 points, 4.8 rebounds, 57 TS%, +3.0 wins added A NEW addition to the "scorer off the bench club," Buddy Hield deserves kudos for accepting that role as the Kings try to find a spark. He hasn't been as red-hot as he had been last season, but he's still one of the best SGs in the league. WING: Gordon Hayward (BOS). 17.3 points, 4.1 assists, 59 TS%, +1.9 wins added Gordon Hayward has quietly been working his way back into top form, with his ball movement and BBIQ two real feathers in his cap. He's dinged a few spots here based on missed time (he's only played 45 games.) BIG: Montrezl Harrell (LAC). 18.6 points, 7.1 rebounds, 61 TS%, +3.6 wins added Fittingly, Montrezl Harrell will join Lou Williams' team here. It'll be interesting to see whether Doc Rivers rolls with the two of them in crunch time during the playoffs. FLEX: Nikola Vucevic (ORL): 19.5 points, 11.0 rebounds, 54 TS%, +2.0 wins added It's debatable how valuable Vucevic's 20-10 seasons are because he's not a good defender and he's not a terribly efficient scorer. That said, I'm giving him credit for a high degree of difficulty here as the go-to scorer on a team that doesn't have a lot of weapons offensively.
just missed the cut
If you'd like to sub in any other players, here are some notable names: PG FredVanVleet (TOR), PG Devonte' Graham (CHA), PG Malcolm Brogdon (IND), PG Jamal Murray, PG Lonzo Ball, PG De'Aaron Fox (SAC), PG/SG Marcus Smart (BOS), PG/SG Kendrick Nunn (MIA), SF Joe Ingles (UTA), SF Will Barton (DEN), SF DeMar DeRozan (SA), SF/PF Davis Bertans (WAS), SF/PF Aaron Gordon (ORL), PF LaMarcus Aldridge (SA), C Myles Turner (IND), C Steven Adams (OKC), C Andre Drummond (CLE), C Jarrett Allen (BKN), C Derrick Favors (NO), C Jonas Valanciunas (MEM), C Brook Lopez (MIL). And of course, we need an obligatory Zion Williamson (NO) mention, although his 19 games played is a tough hurdle to overcome.
Alright guys, Ive been working on this for a while and a post on here by a guy describing his portfolio here was the final kick in the ass for me to put this together. I started writing this to summarize what Im doing for my friends who are beginners, and also for me to make some sense of it for myself Hopefully parts of it are useful to you, and also ideally you guys can point out errors or have a suggestion or two. I'm posting this here as opposed to investing or canadianinvestor (blech) because they're just gonna tell me to buy an index fund. This first section is a preamble describing the Canadian tax situation and why Im doing things the way that I am. Feel free to skip it if you dont care about that. Also, there might be mistake regarding what the laws are here so dont take my word for it and verify it for yourself please. So here in Canada we have two types of registered accounts (theres actually more but whatver). There is the TFSA "Tax Free Savings Account", and RRSP "Registered Retirement Savings Account" For the sake of simplicity, from the time you turn 18 you are allowed to deposit 5k (it changes year to year based on inflation etc)in each of them. That "room" accumulates retroactively, so if you haventdone anything and are starting today and you are 30 you have around 60k you can put in each of them. The prevailing wisdom is that you should max out the TFSA first and you'll see why in a minute. TFSA is post tax deposits, with no capital gains or other taxes applied to selling your securities, dividends or anything else. You can withdraw your gains at any time, and the amount that you withdraw is added to the "room" you have for the next year. So lets say I maxed out my TFSA contributions and I take out 20k today, on January of next year I can put back in 20k plus the 5 or whatever they allow for that year. You can see how powerful this is. Theres a few limitations on what is eligable to be held in the TFSA such as bitcoin/bitcoin ETFs, overseas stocks that arent listed on NYSE, TSX, london and a few others. You can Buy to Open and Sell to Close call and put options as well as write Covered Calls. The RRSP is pre-tax deposits and is a tax deferred scheme. You deposit to lower your income tax burden (and hopefully drop below a bracket) but once you retire you will be taxed on anything you pull out. Withdrawing early has huge penalties and isnt recommended. You are however allowed to borrow against it for a down payment as a first time home buyer. The strategy with these is that a youngperson entering the workforce is likely to be in a fairly low tax bracket and (hopefully) earns more money as they get older and more skilled so the RRSP has more value the greater your pre-taxincome is. You can also do this Self Directed. Its not relevant to this strategy but I included it for the sake of context. Non registered accounts ( or any other situation, such as selling commercial real estate etc) is subject to a capital gains tax. In so far as I understand it, you add all your gains and losses up at the end of the year. If its a positive number, you cut that number IN HALF and add it to your regular pre-tax income. So if I made 60k from the dayjob and 20k on my margin account that adds up to 70k that I get taxed on. if its a loss, you carry that forward into the next year. Theres no distinction between long term and short term. Also physical PMs are treated differently and I'll fill that part in later once I have the details down. The reason why all that babble is important is that my broker Questrade, which isnt as good as IB (the only real other option up here as far as Im aware) has one amazing feature that no other broker has: "Margin Power" If you have a TFSA and a Margin account with them, you can link them together and have your securities in the TFSA collateralise your Margin account. Essentially, when it comes to the Maintenance Excess of the Margin Account QT doesnt care if its in the TFSA *or* the Margin! You can see how powerful this is. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ So as you can tell by the title, a lot of this is heavily inspired by Chris Cole's paper "The Allegory of the Hawk and the Serpent". You can read it here: https://www.artemiscm.com/welcome#research Between it, his interviews and my mediocre options skills at the time my mind was blown. Unfortunately I didnt know how to do the Long Volatility part until after the crash in March but I've since then had nothing but time to scour the internet and learn as much as I could. The way I interpret this isnt necessarily "what you should have right now", but what abstracted model they were able to backtest that gave them the best performance over the 90 years. Also, a lot of my portfolio I already had before I started trying to build this. As such my allocations dont match the proportions he gave. Not saying my allocations are better, just showing where they are at this time. I'm going to describe how I do Long Volatility at the end rather than the beginning since the way *I* do it wont make sense until you see the rest of the portflio. Physical PMs 22% I'm not sure wether he intended this to be straight up physical gold or include miners and royalty streaming companies so I will just keep this as physical. I consider Silver to be a non-expiring call option on gold, so that can live here too. I am actually *very* overweight silver and my strategy is to convert a large portion of it to gold (mostly my bars) to gold as the ratio tightens up. If youre into crypto, you can arguably say that has a place in this section. If an ETF makes sense for part of your portfolio, I suggest the Sprott ones such as PHYS. Sprott is an honest business and they actually have the metal they say they have. If you have enough, you can redeem your shares from the Royal Canadian Mint. The only downside is that they dont have an options chain, so you cant sell covered calls etc. Simple enough I suppose. One thing to bear in mind, there is a double edged sword with this class of assets. They're out of the system, theyre nobody's business but your own and theres no counter party. That unfortunately means that you cant lever against it for margin or sell covered calls etc. You can still buy puts though (more on that later) Commodity Trend (CTA) 10% https://youtu.be/tac8sWPZW0w Patrick Ceresna gave a good presentation on what this strategy is. Until I watched this video I just thought it meant "buy commodities". A real CTA does this with futures also so aside from the way he showed, there are two other ETFs that are worth looking at. COM - This is an explicit trend following ETF that follows a LONG/FLAT strategy instead of LONG/SHORT on a pile of commodity futures. So if they get a "sell" signal for oil or soybeans they sell what they have and go to cash. COMT- Holds an assortment of different month futures in different commodities, as well as a *lot* of various related shares in producers. Its almost a one stop shop commodities portfolio. Pays a respectable dividend in December If you want to break the "rules" of CTA, and include equities theres a few others that are also worth looking at KOL- This is a coal ETF. The problems with it are that a lot of the holdings dont have much to do with coal. One of them is a tractor company. A lot of the companies are Chinese so theres a bit of a red flag. Obviously Thermal Coal, the kind used for heating and powerplants isnt in vogue and wont be moving forward...but coking coal is used for steel manufacturing and that ain't going anywhere. The dividend is huge, pays out in December. A very very small position might be worth the risk. Uranium- I'm in URA because thats the only way for me to get exposure to Kazatoprom (#1 producer), which is 20% of the holdings. The other 20% is Cameco (#2 producer)and then its random stuff. Other than that I have shares in Denison which seems like its a good business with some interesting projects underway. I'm still studying the uranium space so I dont really have much to say about it of any value. RSX- Russia large caps. If you dont want to pick between the myriad of undervalued, high dividend paying commodity companies that Russia has then just grab this. It only pays in December but it has a liquid options chain so you can do Covered Calls in the meantime if you want. NTR- Nutrien, canadian company that was formed when two others merged. They are now the worlds largest potash producer. Pretty good dividend. They have some financial difficulties and the stocks been in a downtrend forever. I feel its a good candidate to watch or sell some puts on. I'm trying to come up with a way to play agriculture since this new phase we're going to be entering is likely to cause huge food shortages. EURN and NAT- I got in fairly early on the Tanker hype before it was even hype as a way to short oil but I got greedy and lost a lot of my gains. I pared down my position and I'm staying for the dividend. If you get an oil sell signal, this might be a way to play that still. Fixed Income/Bonds 10% Now, I am not a bond expert but unless youre doing some wacky spreads with futures or whatever... I dont see much reason to buy government debt any more. If you are, youre basically betting that they take rates negative. Raoul Pal of Real Vision is pretty firm in his conviction that this will happen. I know better than to argue with him but I dont see risk/reward as being of much value. HOWEVER, I found two interesting ETFs that seem to bring something to this portfolio IVOL- This is run by Nancy Davis, and is comprised of TIPS bonds which are nominally inflation protected (doubt its real inflation but whatever) overlayed with some OTC options that are designed to pay off big if the Fed loses control of the long end of the yield curve, which is what might happen during a real inflation situation. Pays out a decent yield monthly TAIL- This is a simpler portfolio of 10yr treasuries with ladder of puts on the SPX. Pays quarterly. Equities 58% (shared with options/volatility below) This is where it gets interesting, obviously most of this is in mining shares but before I get to those I found some interesting stuff that I'm intending to build up as I pare down my miners when the time comes to start doing that. VIRT- I cant remember where I saw this, but people were talking about this as a volatility play. Its not perfect, but look at the chart compared to SPY. Its a HFT/market making operation, the wackier things get the more pennies they can scalp. A 4% dividend isnt shabby either. FUND- This is an interesting closed end fund run by Whitney George, one of the principals at Sprott. He took it with him when he joined the company. Ive read his reports and interviews and I really like his approach to value and investing. He's kind of like if Warren Buffett was a gold bug. Theres 120 holdings in there, mostly small caps and very diverse...chicken factories, ball bearings all kinds of boring ass shit that nobody knows exists. Whats crucial is that most of it "needs to exist". Between him, his family and other people at Sprott they control 40% or so of the shares, so they definitely have skin in the game. Generous dividend. ZIG- This is a "deep value" strategy fund, run by Tobias Carlisle. He has a fairly simple valuation formula called the Acquirer's Multiple that when he backtested it, is supposed to perform very well. He did an interview with Chris Cole on real Vision where he discusses how Value and Deep Value havent done well recently, but over the last 100 years have proven to be very viable strategies. If we feel that theres a new cycle brewing, then this strategy may work again moving forward. I want to pause and point out something here, Chris Cole, Nassim Taleb and the guys at Mutiny Fund spend a lot of effort explaining that building a portfolio is a lot like putting together a good basketall team. They need to work together, and pick up each others slack A lot of the ETFs I'm listing here are in many ways portfolios in and of themselves and are *actively managed*. I specifically chose them because they follow a methodology that I respect but I can't do myself because I dont have the skill, temperament or access to. The next one is a hidden gem and ties into this. I'm not sure how much more upside there is in this one but man was I surprised. SII- Sprott Inc. I *never* see people listing this stock in their PMs portfolios. A newsletter I'm subscribed to described this stock as the safest way to play junior miners. Their industry presence, intellectual capital and connections means that they get *the best* private placement deals in the best opportunities. I cant compete with a staff like theirs and I'm not going to try. I bought this at 2.50, and I liked the dividend. Since then they did a reverse split to get on the NYSE and like the day after the stock soared. When it comes to mining ETFS I like GOAU and SILJ the best. None of their major holdings are dead weight companies that are only there because of market cap. I dont want Barrick in my portfolio etc. SGDJ is a neat version of GDXJ. Aside from that my individual miners/royalty companies are (no particular order) MMX SAND PAAS PGM AUM AG MUX RIO- Rio2 on the tsx, not rio tinto KTN KL Options/Volatility: varies So this is where we get to the part about options, Volatility and how I do it. I started out in the options space with The Wheel strategy and the Tastytrade approach of selling premium. The spreads and puts I sell, are on shares listed above, in fact some of those I dont hold anymore. Theres tons of stuff on this in thetagang and options so I wont go into a whole bunch (and you shouldnt be learning the mechanics from me anyway) but theres one thing I want to go over before it gets wild. If I sell a Cash Secured Put, from a risk management perspective its identical to just buying 100 shares of the underlying security. You are equally "Short Vol" as well, it just that with options its a little more explicit with the Greeks and everything. But if I use my margin that I was talking about earlier, then I can still collect the premium and the interest doesnt kick in unless Im actually assigned the shares. But if I sell too many puts on KL or AG, and something happens where the miners get cut down (and lets be real, they all move together) my margin goes down and then I get assigned and kaboom...my account gets blown up So what I need to do, is balance out the huge Short Vol situation in my portfolio, be net Long Vol and directly hedge my positions. Since the overwhelming majority of my equities are all tied to bullion this is actually a very easy thing to do. Backspreads https://youtu.be/pvX5_rkm5x0 https://youtu.be/-jTvWOGVsK8 https://youtu.be/muYjjm934iY So I set this up so the vast majority of my margin is tied up in these 1-2 or even 1-3 ratio put spreads that *I actually put on for a small credit*, and roll them every once in a while. I run them on SLV, and GDX. I keep enough room on my margin so I can withstand a 10% drawdown before it sets off the long end of the spreads and then I can ride it out until it turns around and we keep the PM bull market going. Theres another cool spread I've been using, which is a modified Jade Lizard; if already hold shares, I'll sell a put, sell a covered call, and use some of the premium to buy a longer dated call. Ive been running this on AG mostly. I have a few more spreads I can show you but Im tired now so it'll have to wait for later. As I said multiple times, I do intend to trim these miners later but now isnt the time for that IMO. I'm also monitoring this almost full time since I have an injury and have nothing better to do until I heal :p
1-Dyson spheres 2-Ring worlds 3-Deathstar like bases. 4-Sun forge like from avengers; inifinity war 5-Artifical planets 6-Giant gateways that allow planets to transfer other galaxies 7-Science Nexus 8-Sentry Array 9-Mega artistic objects 10-Giant settelaties 11-Hallow planets 12-Artificial suns 13-Artificial black holes 14-Planet-sized giant ships 15-Space elevators 16-Planet spanning rings 17-Giant asteriod stations 18-Artifical star systems 19-Spacehulks (from warhammer 40k) 20-Giant mining stations 21-Hallows stars 22-Flattened worlds/Disk worlds 23-Machine worlds 24-Webway (From warhammer 40k) 25-Contructs inside of black holes 26-Artifical Dimensions 27-Dimension Nexus that connects with other dimensions 28-Artifical moons 29-Artifical habitable biological constructs 30-Planet/starsytem/galaxy sized giant super computers Crossallthewires 31 - Space Elevators leading from a planet's surface to an orbital platform. 32 - A Sun- Starter, a gigantic orbital platform made up of rings that orbit a sun and blast it with energy to stave off it's inevitable death. 33 - An entire planet, equipped with a vast engine to allow it to travel around the universe. 34 - An interplanetary junk barge with gigantic crushing claws and arms, capable of turning any of these other structures into scrap-metal. 35 - A forcefield generator covering an entire planet (think Rogue One) Zombehking 36 - a supercomputer atomized and scattered in a dust cloud around a solar system, still functional. 37 - star engine to move solar system(s) like space ships. 38-A Giant, planet sized robot 39-A giant, planet sized mech 40-A giant, sun sized robot/ship 41-A giant, sun sized mech/ship 42-A starsytem sized robot/mech/ship 43-A galaxy sized robot/mech/ship 44-A cybrog planet 45-Alive/bio organic contruct planets Martinus_XIV 46-A giant machine that slowly travels from solar system to solar system, devouring planets as it goes. It is a weapon of mass destruction leftover from an ancient, devastating war. 47-A void in space where nothing exists; no matter, no energy, no dimensions, inhabited by an intelligence that likes to toy with spacefarers that wander into its domain. 48-A generation ship embedded within an asteriod. The inhabitants have long since forgotten its mission and don't even know that there is a world outside of their ship. 49-A Dyson Sphere-like structure built around a black hole, generating power by shooting particle beams through its ergosphere. 50-A stellaser; a Dyson Sphere-like structure harnessing the power of a star into a Death Star-like laser. 51-A Boltzmann-civilization; an entire civilization that has just popped into being as a result of a quantum fluctuation. It didn't exist a few seconds ago, yet believes it has a history going back millions of years. 52-A massive klein bottle that actually loops through the 4th dimension. 53-Planet core forges 54-Giant planet water cleaners 55-Giant trash disposers 56-Giant, hard light constructs Zer05tar 57-Communications Array - Able to communicate with far distant outposts, both allies and enemies. 58-Power Refiling Station - Unmanned stations that is in orbit that collects solar power and converts it to usable energy for ships that are out of juice. Complete with wet bar and hour rates hotels. FirstChAoS 59- A series of giant lenses that can be aligned to turn thesun into a giant laser 60- A mining machine designed to grind whole planets into ore. ArchDeconstructor • 61- Gravitational sling engine: a sun-sized array of concentric facilities that can manipulate gravity to send nearby celestial bodies on targeted parabolic arcs at nearly the speed of light, or to target faraway systems and very slowly adjust their location relative to other nearby systems. • 62- terraforming drone supercarrier, which drops into star systems it hasn't visited before and deploys millions of building-sized robotic platforms to terraform any suitable planetary masses. Or to create planets, by smashing lots of smaller junk together, and then terraforming those. • 63-galactic FTL inhibitor, which draws upon the ambient gravity of the galactic core to constantly, potentially fatally, disrupt any attempts to enter FTL while within the galaxy it was built in. • 64-planetary museum, composed of sextillions of metric tons of structured spacetime computation to store information, and matter-holography chambers to assemble or at least visualize exhibits. • 65-An Infinite Forest a la Mercury in Destiny/Destiny 2, a planet reshaped into forms of exotic programmable matter that simultaneously simulate multiple timelines branching past and forwards. • 66- A solar system-sized containment field acting as a zoo for spacefaring organisms. 67-Artificial white holes 68-Artifical nebulas 69-Stellar engine 70-A warp hole that allows time travel 71-A warm hole that transports suns to other systems 72-Jump gate, a gate that reduces travel time between systems 73-Bishop ring 74-Niven ring 75-Shkadov thruster 76-Kraskinow tube 77-Portal that allows instant travel 78-Stargate 79-Hyper gate 80-Space bridge 81-Halo 82-Banks orbital 83-Alderson disk 84-Stellar scale 85-Gas giant refinary 86-Cloud city 87-Aerostat 88-Bernal sphere 89-Rungworld 90-Space ladder 91-Skyhook 92-Launch assist tether 93-The crystal megabore 94-Psionic hypersiphon, allows psionic powers enhanced in a star sytem and allows telepatic comunication 95-Teleporter that allows instant teleportation in a starsytem both for vehicles and people 96-The lunar speculorefractor 97-The hyperstructural assembly yard 98-The birch world 99-Ecumenopolis Doug mantis • 100- massive catamari. • 101-Universe simulation computer. • 102-Gravity rod launcher, shoots planet-sized rails at FTL speeds. • 103-Terra-deconstructor, surrounds and melts/harvests planets. • 104-A pack of supermassive cybernetic space-whales. • 105-Quadrillionaire's private docking station. • 106-Private megastructure construction facility, build all this shit. • 107-Big-bang generator, turns matter into nothing, generates power. • 108-Defeated grey goo blob, enormous mass of electronic goo, now non-functional. • 109-Supermassive Bitcoin miner, mines bitcoin so efficiently that all other miners are rendered useless. • 110-Sphere inversion machine, allows planets to exist in their own pocket dimension. • 111-'Song of the Aairomng', a massive machine built to generate noise in the vacuum of space. Blasts strange music throughout it's galaxy. 112-City from vallerian and the city of thousand races or something Slaaich 113-Culture Orbital 114-O'Neill colony 115-A massive spiderlike machine that captures habitable planets and drags them back to a central solar system where it collects them. 116-massive prison ship designed to hold a Leviathan capable of eating entire stars. Empty and showing signs of damage. 17-Satellite equipped with stealth technology that sits in orbit around pre interstellar planets and subtly manipulates the civilizations below into accepting alien invasions Holy, moly that was fast. Since my computer skills are so poor i am just going to add all this to a comment on which you create D100(or you know, more) I want to thank each and every one of you for this. I couldn't do it without you.👏 PS;(If you want write more just do it. I will add the no mater what. More content are always welcome😀)
What Can We Expect in the Halving Market? 58COIN Exchange Beauty Executive Gives the Answer
What are the effects of the third Bitcoin halving? How to view the relationship between mining pools and exchanges? Is the contract a road of no return? What is the future trend of digital currency? Q1: What does 58COIN expect from this Bitcoin halving? Xiao Bei: On the macro level, reduction in the bitcoin production shows a more stable signal to the market. May 12th is the third halving in bitcoin’s history, before it, however, the daily production plunged from 1800 to 900, a reduction of around 30,000 bitcoins in a month. The selling pressure reduced significantly, which leaves the root impact on the gradual stability of the market. The reduction not only brought us a bull market with a sustainable and long-lasting effect but greater opportunities as well. As an exchange, it should better improve itself and render stable and quality products to users. Currently, 58COIN’s mining pool ranks the top 5 in the world. After the reduction, based on the principle of survival of the fittest, the superior resources will be allocated to a larger and more stable mining farm, and the steady recovery of computing power is also anticipating. Q2: As an exchange, why does 58COIN occupy more than 10% of the overall bitcoin’s computing power? Xiao Bei: At present, our computing power share is about 7.8%, ranking among the top five in the world. Our recent goal is to have a stable computing power share of more than 10%. The mining pool provides the main non-trading BTC source for the exchange, increases the supply of BTCs on the market, and injects liquidity into the market. The top ten exchanges are expected to receive more than 70% of the bitcoin in the mining pool, so all major exchanges have begun to layout the mining pool to compete for BTC. 58COIN has reorganized the layout and started the operation of the new mining pool (58COIN& 1THash) in 2019. We have a mature operation team with more than 6 years’ experience, and hope to better link the upstream and downstream industries in the next stage. This is also an important step in the strategic development of high-quality exchanges. Q3: For an exchange, liquidity and redemption abilities are the absolute reflection of the user's sense of security. How does 58COIN ensure these two abilities that users care most? Xiao Bei: In terms of liquidity, first of all, our registered users have exceeded 3 million, which provides sufficient trading liquidity and depth. Secondly, our matching transaction service with constantly upgraded technology and algorithm ensures that each matchmaking time is in the microsecond level, and easily achieve system 10,000-level throughput performance. Concerning the redemption ability, non-trading digital assets held by the exchange serves as the foundation. The advantages of 58COIN's mining pool have accumulated abundant platform reserves for us. As of now, our risk reserve has exceeded 3.6 billion yuan. Besides, the Exchange integrates account opening, transaction matching, and liquidation, and plays an important role in the secondary market. Most exchanges lack a high-quality intelligent risk control system, a comprehensive anti-money laundering mechanism, and insufficient open and transparent information disclosure and supervision. There may be acts of forgery of trading volume, joint price manipulation with the project party, and other actions that harm the interests of investors. If the liquidity itself is not good enough, the situation mentioned above is more likely to occur. Q4: Which section does 58COIN values most? Contract Trading or Spot Transactions? What is the biggest advantage of trading contracts on 58COIN? Xiao Bei: Both spot and contract boast their own advantages, separately lie in the exchange value through hoarded coins, and flexible use of fluctuations. 58COIN as the main contract exchange, contract trading is definitely our focus. In terms of spot, it is mainly based on mainstream currencies. Compared with spot trading, the two-direction trading mechanism is more flexible. Also, leverage can increase the utilization rate of funds and amplify the profit, which is suitable for users with fewer funds to trade. The biggest advantage of contract transactions, in addition to the just mentioned abundant platform reserves, complete risk control and huge user base, there are several points related to the user's vital interests:
The lowest fee in the industry. For example, the handling fee of the perpetual contract is: “Taker 0.03%, Maker 0.015%”;
The fixed maintenance margin of 0.5%;
No funding fees. We have made every effort to reduce the principal consumption in each exchange, thus greatly lower the risk of liquidation;
The platform insurance funds bear the full debt loss, and users do not have to worry about apportioning any risks.
In addition, the contract can also maintain the value of the existing mainstream spot of the user to minimize the risk of depreciation caused by spot fluctuations. It is worth mentioning that in terms of wallet, we implement multi-level and multi-dimensional security risk control strategies such as hot and cold wallet isolation, multi-signature authorization, and regularly change of hot wallet addresses. Meanwhile, a manual verification process was added to ensure the safety of the assets. Since its establishment, there has never been any wallet accident, wallet stolen, or the loss of coin incidents. Q5: In the contract transaction, what advice does 58COIN give to novice users? Xiao Bei: Firstly, please remind that contract is not a devil, it is just a tool. What we should do is to make good use of the tool to make profits. Secondly, the purpose of the investment is to withdraw, and suggestions are shown below: 1. Invest with the spare funds at hand; 2. In the spot transaction, hoard coins in the bear market and exchange in the bull market, do not follow the trend of buying in the bull market; 3. In the contract, set up operation points and positions, and perform secondary operations according to market conditions. (Do not be greedy) 4. Make a risk response plan during the investment process, such as a sufficient margin, value preservation plan, etc. Finally, we must keep in mind: when doing spot transactions, choose assets with good liquidity in a way to get away from manipulation projects, risky exchanges, etc. 58COIN provides detailed descriptions for each business line, novice users should read them carefully before using. Besides, each contract trading page is designed with a calculator to help provide trading references to users before investment. Q6: What are the new plans of 58COIN? Xiao Bei: First of all, we will remain a sophisticated attitude in technology, risk control, and product experience, offering a stronger guarantee for users' transactions; second, we will further improve the ecological layout of 58COIN, from increasing investment in mining pools, gradually optimizing the hot and cold wallet system, enabling entities, focusing on community construction, etc., with better technical upgrades and preparations, to ensure that the entire 58COIN ecology can better link the upstream and downstream industries, providing our users with a more stable ecological background; We will launch some online activities in the near future, covering basic knowledge, candlestick chart learning, and industry analysis. We look forward to making joint efforts with our users in learning and making progress. Q7: What does 58COIN want to say about the future cryptocurrency market? Xiao Bei: The real big bonus in the cryptocurrency market has not yet been released, and Bitcoin has more imagination space than gold in the future. The cryptocurrency market is stepping toward a diversified, professional, and tangible direction, requiring more high-quality industries participation and landing. Though it is currently the fastest-growing field, financial attributes should not be the only factor entitled to cryptocurrencies, the future market should be more integrated and serve the real economy, such as the Internet of Things, financial systems, and personal privacy. For more details, please log in to www.58ex.com or download our app: https://wap.58ex.com/?locale=en. Website: https://www.58ex.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/58_coin Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/coin.58COIN Telegram: https://t.me/official58 Medium: https://medium.com/@58coin_blog/
Top-60 bitcoin/crypto quotes of the last decade, because reading them makes you feel good, and it feels good to feel good. Also one trading tip
First, number one trading tip for the next decade (in my opinion): XXA/XLM trading pair, price is 5.20 XLM (0.3588 USD). Ixinium XXA is so undervalued right now. Target profit +300% for this year. Backet by precious metals. Precious metals 100% insured by Lloyd's of London. Target price levels for this year because of precious metals base value: 12.0 XLM (0.83 USD, +130.6%) 18.8 XLM (1.30 USD, +261.5%) 23.2 XLM (1.60 USD, +345.9%) Price up since Coinmarketcap listing 7 days ago: 47.26% XXA/XLM trading pair on Stellarport and StellarX exchanges with zero trading fee. It's not too late to become an Ixinium whale :) My favorite bitcoin/crypto quotes, last ten years:
Came into Bitcoin for the short-term dollar gains. Stayed in Bitcoin for the long-term bitcoin gains.
Fiat addicts you to spending. Bitcoin addicts you to saving.
There are 1,900x more dollars in existence today than there was less than a hundred years ago. Bitcoin has no top because fiat has no bottom.
Most investors would be better off if they lost the password to their account and couldn’t log in for a few years.
How I learned to stop worrying and love the bear market: Value your wealth in bitcoin not fiat.
If I had a Bitcoin for every time someone asked me if I know who Satoshi is... I'd be Satoshi.
Every second bitcoin stays out of the spotlight, is another second we get to build unopposed. We can't take this time for granted.
You can't be excited about Bitcoin and fear the bear market. It's like being excited for Christmas but fearing winter. The bear market is a natural part of Bitcoin's mass adoption.
Crypto is the only money that works on the internet. But it's also the only money that works in space. It's really expensive to bring gold bars to Mars.
The fact that your normie friends don't think Bitcoin is cool yet is the reason why there is still massive upside potential.
Feel free to print (fiat money) as much as you need, as I am already all in crypto.
Satoshi walks in to a bar. Nobody knows.
Fiat supply: unlimited. Gold supply: unknown. Bitcoin supply: 21 million.
Most people still don’t know anything about Bitcoin except its price. But they don’t know why Bitcoin has a price in the first place. Hence the skepticism. When you don’t know why something has a price, it is impossible to understand how much it can really be worth.
There can never be more than 17 million people who own 1 full bitcoin. But in practice, there will be far fewer.
Internet allowed you to never have to go to the library. Bitcoin will allow you to never have to go to the bank.
Google's CEO is Indian
Nokia's CEO is Indian Adobe's CEO is Indian Amazon's BOD is Indian MasterCard's CEO is Indian Microsoft's CEO is Indian Pepsico's CEO was Indian indra nooyi Nasa has 58% Indian employees Do something towards $Btc bans in India! ENOUGH IS ENOUGH.
When you trade trends, you can be the last person to join the trend & first person to leave the trend & you can still outperform everyone else in long term simply because others will keep guessing the tops & bottoms while you will keep riding confirmed trends.
You don't need to fomo into positions, if you accumulate early.
If your "financial advisor" doesn't advise you to buy crypto, fire 'em.
Bitcoin doesn't care about your feelings. It also doesn't care about your gender, ethnicity, sexual preference or religion. Bitcoin just is.
Want to prove to an investor that your crypto product is needed? Get people to use it. It is really hard to argue with usage.
Is it possible to be a BTC maximalist and be Vegan? Asking for a friend..
If you think that bitcoin is not going to the mainstream, think again.
Most people don’t know what money is. This is why Bitcoin is still underrated. First, learn what money is. Then, you will be able to leverage the massive opportunity that is Bitcoin.
If you think the people in charge know exactly what they’re doing, do nothing & continue on with your life. If you think those in charge may NOT actually be as smart as they want us to think, buy a little Bitcoin. The status quo is a bet on humans, but Bitcoin is a bet on math.
Bitcoin is only risky to those who don’t understand it.
Short term volatility doesn’t phase long term investors.
If you manage your risk, your profits will take care of itself. If you don't, your parents will take care of you.
For every person in the world, there are only 0.00225764 bitcoins.
If you did your research, this bear market was expected. Bear or bull market, it’s business as usual for true Bitcoiners.
For Bitcoin to succeed, the whole world doesn't need to understand its value proposition. Those who do will profit from its monetization. Those who don't will naturally adopt this better money.
Economic reality imposes itself onto the world whether you're aware of it or not.
This is not financial advice. This is life advice. Buy Bitcoin.
If Banks & Fiat are horse carriages, then Bitcoin isn't merely cars, it's fucking teleportation.
How Bitcoin enables global prosperity:
Bitcoin makes you future-oriented Bitcoin makes delaying gratification easier Bitcoin makes saving & capital accumulation easier Bitcoin makes investing easier Bitcoin makes global trade easier Bitcoin makes advancing civilization easier
Bitcoin is the ultimate marshmallow experiment. People who are able to hodl for longer will tend to have better life outcomes.
Other than your human time, Bitcoin is the scarcest thing on earth. Human time will become more abundant as life expectancy increases. Bitcoin, however, will only become scarcer.
The energy cost of Bitcoin mining will pale in comparison to the improvements in the world’s productivity and prosperity that are enabled by Bitcoin.
Pros of bear market:
-You can buy more Bitcoin -Devs more productive than ever -Weak hands driven out+hodler base strengthened -Focus on fundamentals, not short-term price -Overvalued shitcoins deflated -Critical Infrastructure being built out, making next bull run even fiercer
The more productive we are during the bear market, the harder Bitcoin will pump in the next bull market. Ignore short-term price action. Focus on Bitcoin fundamentals.
Bitcoin bear market is the best time for buying, learning and staying miles ahead of the normies who will once again be late to the game and will buy the top.
Before you invest in Bitcoin, invest in educating yourself about Bitcoin. Understanding Bitcoin will make your conviction much stronger and enable you to maximize your gains.
There are 2 ways you can adopt Bitcoin:
Early on & willingly-> result: allows you to capture upside as Bitcoin grows & becomes widely used or
Much later & not having another choice-> result: failing to capture most upside from Bitcoin's monetization.
The choice is yours.
The overwhelming majority of highly intelligent people I talk to still have no idea why Bitcoin is valuable. We are extremely early. The ability to identify opportunity before others and take advantage of the information asymmetry is key.
Bitcoin will succeed with or without you. Don’t be left behind.
In the 90s people couldn’t imagine that the Internet would replace newspapers, TV, phone calls, shops & many other things. Today, people can't imagine Bitcoin becoming mass adopted money. Bitcoin will do to money what Internet did to information. And money is a way bigger market.
If every millionaire in the US wanted to have just 1 bitcoin they wouldn't be able to. There will always be fewer bitcoins than there are millionaires in the US (let alone the whole world). Ignore this at your own risk.
The corporations & institutions that stand to lose from Bitcoin adoption are made up of individuals who stand to benefit massively from Bitcoin adoption. Realizing that every group or entity is made up of self-motivated individuals is key to realizing why Bitcoin will succeed.
Bitcoin self-selects for people with:
* Low time preference * Long attention span * Commitment * Authenticity * Patience * Persistence * Ability to focus * Ability to go against the mainstream Bitcoin is a marathon, not a sprint.
If you don’t have a deep understanding of:
What money is
Functions of money
Money properties that fulfill its various functions
Then don’t you dare criticize Bitcoin.
Bitcoin doesn’t care:
- what color you are - what sex you are - what age you are - what your religion is - who your parents are - which university/school you went to - who you’re friends with - how expensive your lawyer is Bitcoin cannot discriminate.
You chase money every single day. You stress over money all your life. You worship money.
But you have no idea why money is valuable. Money controls your life because you have no understanding of what it is. Once you ask yourself “What is money?”, Bitcoin will make sense.
Satoshi Nakamoto deserves:
- Nobel Prize in Economics - Nobel Peace Prize - Nobel Prize in Physics But thankfully the last thing Satoshi needs is the validation of the establishment.
Bitcoin is doing better than corporations & altcoins though it never had:
- CEO - Marketing - Salaries - ICO - Partnerships - Headquarters - Customer support Bitcoin is an emergent superorganism. Members contribute according to their ability, driven by passion more than greed.
July 2011 - $31
- “Damn, I should've bought bitcoin earlier” Apr 2013 - $266 - “Damn, I should've bought bitcoin earlier” Nov 2013 - $1,242 - “Damn, I should've bought bitcoin earlier” Dec 2017 - $19,891 - “Damn, I should've bought bitcoin earlier” 2022-2023 - ... - “Damn..”
Successful crypto trading boils down to correctly predicting how the whales will torture the normies next.
Bitcoin doesn’t wait for anyone. It’s up to you if you want to learn this the hard way.
Percentage of world using the Internet in 1995 = 0.4%
Percentage of world using the Internet in 2019 = 58.8% Bitcoin is to money what the Internet is to information. Percentage of world using Bitcoin in 2019 = 0.4% If you thought you are late to Bitcoin, think again.
I didn't choose the dollar.
I didn't choose the euro. I didn't choose the pound. I didn't choose the yen. I didn't choose the ruble. I didn't choose fractional reserve banking. I didn't choose central banks. I didn't choose quantitative easing. I choose Bitcoin.
Go to location
Social Security #
Proof of address
Unreadable legal docs
Wait a week for your funds
Which one will the next generation choose? Many of these wisdom quotes are from the author of the new book called “This ₿ook Will Save You Time”, and he's donating all of the proceeds from the book sales to a Bitcoin developer.
D100 Ways to Mess With "I wish for all the gold in the world!"
It rains down on the character and kills them
Infinite gold is just a single gold piece that constantly reappears in your pocket after being spent
That's the gold from the town treasury used to pay it's workers, now there's rioting in the streets
Can't be arsed to go through all the comments but all the gold could teleport back into the interior of the world - to the mines it originated in or just like dispersed through the mantle again?
All of the gold in the world is condensed into one single coin that flotas in front of the wishmaker for a few seconds. When he goes to grab it, it stops floating and the combined mass of all the gold in the world is to heavy for any mortal to hold. It tears through his hand and throws him to the ground, leaving a 20 meter wide crater where the coin landed. Nothing can pick up the coin, but that just means that no one can steal it from the wish maker.
Everyone in the world gains the belief that gold is your personal property and feels weird about possessing it. It's like an old roommate's CDs, or an ex boyfriend's hoodie. They'll put the same amount of effort into returning it to you, but only when it's convenient. You can't really spend it anywhere either, unless they have an unhealthy desire for your possessions.
"ok it's all yours, go get it". (no gold moves)
Trade continues with coins made of other metals, and gold is a weird fringe metal that nobody will honor
All your gear is now gilded, and all other gold coins lose their color. Nobody other than you remembers the old color of gold
The uncaring diety that granted your wish also brought all the dragons that guarded hoards of gold
All the gold from underground bursts from the earth in front of you, with no convenient way to move it.
All the gold in the rest of the world disappears. Widespread chaos and confusion reigns. Literally all the gold in the world is carried in his pack. No gold in temple decorations.. magical items with gold no longer work.. etc.
The world is not defined as this world. You got all the gold in the only diamond world, so, none.
"All the gold in the world" was a poem written by a bad bard. You get a worthless piece of paper with a lackluster poem.
"All the Gold" is almost dead nag of a riding horse and was in the world. The rapid trip to get to you kills it.
You are encumbered by the gold in your possession and can not empty your inventory fast enough to escape encumbrance in the middle of nowhere. (Hope a town eventually forms around you fast.)
You get what you wish and everyone and everything else knows it, but, you do not immediately know. (good luck with all the thieves, assassins, nobles, bandits, demons, etc. gunning for you and your gold.)
Every creature that falls under "fae" or similar are forced to deliver the gold to you. Everyone from a common fairy to fae deities come one after the other, each with only one gold piece until you have all the gold in the world. They're concious of their actions but can't move freely until the deed is done. Who knows what they'd do to you once they regain control of their bodies
You get the gold... but its somewhere. Good luck finding it.
All the gold in the world, except for what’s on your person, vanishes in an instant.
All gold within 60’ of the wish maker flies to them as metal to a powerful magnet and sticks to them. They can only remove gold from their body that they are giving/donating to a person, cause, church, or kingdom/city-state, empire etc. (the person must be a stranger or passing acquaintance, no more than that, or they are using as payment for goods or services or repaying a financial debt. STR checks for movement and CON checks to remain standing will eventually be needed.
They get all the gold in the world in a spendable and secure manner. But some of that gold is cursed by various wizards and magical entities in various ways for various reasons. The owner of it now bears at least a dozen unrelated curses, maybe more.
You get all the gold but now no one has any so it holds no value. We move back into a barter system until a new form of currency can be established.
They get midas' touch and everything they touch turns into gold but if they touch a creature the creatures gains +5 ac and can still attack and move normally
The character becomes coated in gold, lowering mobility but greatly increasing defense
All gold not owned by them turns into silver.
They get their gold, only to find that the primary currency is now platinum. Gold is now only used as a component some spells, or for the properties of the material itself.
All the gold in the world disappears. There is no gold, so you have all that there is.
The gold stays where it is but technically IS their property. Good luck convincing everyone else that...
All of the gold in the world immediately teleports to their location, killing the PC immediately via crushing and flattening entire cities at once beneath thousands of tons of gold ore, coins, and dust
Ok, you now own all the gold in the world. However, it is still located exactly where it was before. You own it but it hasn't moved. Go get it if you want. And try convince the current possessor of it that you are the owner.
All the gold comes with all the dragons...
.. they cant physically shift the huge mountain of gold and people come from far and wide to take a wheelbarrow full of gold that is too large to be protected by the party..
Theres no gold anywhere else so everyone reverts to spending lead coins instead. Gold decreases in value substantially. ...
All the gold in the world technically belongs to the player but it's still wherever it was before he/she owned it. It now depicts the players head on every coin and people everywhere say things like "hey I know you you're from money!" Etc
It’s in bitcoin, what’s bitcoin? Just wait a couple thousand years.
Because wishes are directed to the gods themselves, and they see the entire universe as their "world" the gold from all around the universe is summoned to the PC's or NPC's location, the sheer amount of gold is so large that the entire planet is destroyed, along with any moons it might have, if the dm decides that the universe the campaign is in is very very very VERY rich in gold, he might aswell say that because so much gold was teleported to a specific location, it collapsed upon itself and formed a black hole.
Your players hear a loud, familiar sound of earth moving as if an earth elemental started traveling beneath them. Your player hears something rustle in the grass, PC looks down and there, under a dead leaf, lies a single spec of gold ore. Pulled from the earth they stand on the gold ore inside the earth always moves up towards the player. If they stay in one spot for longer than a week it begins to pile.
It is in one enormous coin, and nobody can make change. You try to break it into smaller pieces, but are stopped by the authorities because it has the emperor's face on it.
Everyone else will see the color gold as a muted grey.
You now possess all the gold in the world, but now everyone wants to kill you for it
The wisher get the world's supply of fool's gold (pyrite). Hope they enjoy the irony.
Every sentient creature is "informed" that you are now the owner of all the gold in the world. No gold actually moves anywhere and it is up to you to enforce your righteous claim.
The color "gold" is suddenly drained from all things which become more brown or yellow. Now only you can bestow this color onto objects and creatures.
You get your wish, but no one has any gold left so the economy crashes.
All the gold in the world includes the gold guarded by every dragon. Bringing the gold to you also brings you its previous owner or notifies them of your act.
This could also be applied to innumerable other monsters as well.
At first, the gold rivers streaming through the air above the wisher's location is amazing. Verucai Saltberry can eat her heart out. Then, as the rivers make landfall, a nervous quiet overcomes all those who witness the spectacle.
All the gold in the world now rains down upon their location.
After half of one hour, 2d12 * 10 acres are covered in anything made of gold. Coins. Ore. Candelabras. You name it. I don't think there are enough dice to calculate the weight...
Hot molten gold floods in your direction
The world decides that gold is now useless since no one has it. They switch to using electrum.
You get it. Exactly as you intended, all the gold coins in the world. But, every dragon, king, crime boss, even members of your own party just had all their gold stolen from them, and they aren't happy about it.
The color gold dissapears from everything in the world unless it is owned by the wisher. Gold is suddenly indistinguishable from silver except by alchemists and smiths and dragons. As a trade currency it becomes almost worthless. The economy plunges into turmoil and as the value of gold plummets so do dragons interest in it. The land devolves into chaos as they suddenly struggle to work out wealth. Gems and iron both skyrocket in value. Dragons, furious at their essentially worthless hordes that they’ve amassed over the years rage across the land. Gold dragons go black. They’ve lost their color. There is a sudden increase in black dragons. Chaos takes hold and the black dragons start taking over the land.
All the gold in the world disappears leaving only what they have on their person
The dragons of the world soon realize where their horde has been taken. They all have you in their sight.
It’s in one solid brick that’s practically worthless for the size
You find yourself atop a mountain of all of the world's gold. Every greedy dragon in the world will soon be converging on your location to fight for this prize, with you in the middle. This being all the gold, that pile includes the scales from every gold dragon in the world, which you've just forcibly torn apart with your wish. Even the good-aligned dragons now see you as a genocidal monster that must be destroyed for the safety of their own kind. Your death is suddenly the singular goal that unites almost every dragon in the world. Also, all Electrum becomes a sort of brittle silver. That will please our DM, who hates having to include electrum coins in currency conversions.
"Granted" and it seems as if nothing happens.Then, after a moment passes, there is a slight thump nearby.And then something light hits the player, rattling off of him, looking down he sees a small, wonderful necklace with a lithe, golden chain attached to it.And then a coin lands next to it.And then another.And another.The sound of falling gold escalates, turning into a storming, crashing chaos as all gold in the entire world falls from the sky in a roaring hail of death.And then all is silent, coins, jewelry, ore, newly refined gold and everything else stands as a small mountain where once there was a campsite and a forest, all of the players are dead or dying underneath that silent, golden hill.
The planet's core loses all of its gold, which, in a supercritical molten state, appears floating as a series of masses overhead. This explodes and showers the area in forcefully-flung chunks of gold. Good job.
The gods of wealth and trade are suddenly obliterated, and you are filled with divine power contained only by your mortal vessel, which wrecks havok on the divine realms and the mortal world. You probably don't survive. Good job.
The gold is helpfully contained for you, and only consists of gold coins! ...Unfortunately, they appear in every single container or vessel you own or touch, forever, making it impossible to eat or drink except off the ground and makes clothing, home ownership, or trade tricky. Good job.
They now own the license to obscure Half-Orc Bard Elzic Pagavian's folk album "All the gold in the world". Elzic is, however, an extremely competent adventurer and will not stand for having his art stolen out from under him.
The power behind the wish misunderstands the intent and makes the wisher the only person to have a thing of that color.
They get all the gold in the world, being the only one to posses gold, it becomes useless and the world's currency standards change.
They didn't specify which world, molten gold pours in from a fire world
Granted, since they specified “in the world” they now have a mountain sized pile of unrefined and impure Gold Ore, this pisses off all the Dwarvern clans as each ones mining operation is funded mostly by processing and selling Gold and similar materials. You and the party are now enemies of every dwarf Clan and their allies.
I started an entire campaign with a similar premise involving a lamp, an efreet, and a Wish. I had a kingdom's worth of gold appear in a magical bag (like a bag of holding), but it was a solid cube that couldn't be pulled through the tiny opening of its container. Made for a lot of memorable scheming on the part of the players!
They get all the gold in the world, the economy is no longer based on gold as there is none in circulation, brass coins replace gold coins
You immediately stand upon a mountain of all the gold in the world. Seeing as you are the only one who has any, Silver becomes the dominant currency, making gold worthless. In addition, you piss off several dragons with hoards. At the same time, most kingdoms fall into financial ruin as they desperately attempt to find a new currency. While all this is happening, sinkholes begin to appear around the world as huge underground deposits of gold have vanished, allowing the ground to give way.
All the gold not owned by the players is suddenly converted into silver. Currency now takes up 10x the amount of space which means any storage suddenly becomes limited.
For the wealthy lords, it’s a nuisance that their pockets are suddenly weighed down or overflowing. For the banks that have just exploded... it’s a different matter.
All the gold deposits from underground are drawn to the PCs creating huge destructive geysers and destroying everything in their path on the way to them.
All the gold deposits from underground are drawn to the PCs creating huge destructive geysers and destroying everything in their path on the way to them.
They start magnetically attracting every coin they walk by forever.
All the gold in the world disappears and the world is changed to a paper-money system. The gold you have is the only gold remaining in the world, but it is useless as a currency. Maybe some alchemist will buy it from you?
The rest of the gold in the world disappears, all that's left is what three player has on them
Assuming they mean currency they're giving all the gold in the world translated into copper and they need to find a way to haul the several million metric tons of copper they have now. assuming they mean or they are now surrounded by all currently existing veins of unrefined gold ore
The player now owns all the gold in the world... And the accompanying tax bill.
Elderly people appear
You get all the Gold in the world, and everyone is hunting you for thievery
Gold is molten, appears in your pocket
total collapse of the gold economy because there’s a lot more gold beneath the crust than in it, and it’s all technically in the world
2/6 Disclaimer: This is my editing, so there could be some misunderstandings. Anyone who wants to read everything should go to the 'spec' of Paracosm discord. IMHO, Hans's philosophy and motivation is worth sharing widely. Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전7:57 People are more motivated then ever Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:02 the point is that the IF is not going to be there forever - its not meant to having a self sustainable ecosystem is very important for the maturity of the protocol Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:03 No it's not if IF would cease to exist tomorrow - it would be finished by the people working for the IF anyway I am 100% sure and if i would have to do it alone ... Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:05 we can all do it together - and we are actually doing it already hornet and goshimmer have VERY close ties they are really good friends and very capable coders its an honor to work with them Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:06 [when do you reckon the shift to binary will take place?] its being merged in goshimmer tomorrow :smile: Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:14 [about Multiverse] the last statements of popov was that it "might work" he still has some concerns i guess he still tends to think the chances of it not working as bigger than the chances of it working I am 100% sure it works - but maybe its on me to prove that with a fully functional prototype. Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:17 My goal is to show a prototype being able to process 10 million tps by the mid of this year - we will see if I can pull this off maybe time will be rare, considering the parallel work on coordicide maybe I should aim for end of 2020 instead Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:19 of course it includes sharding that whole point of IOTA is sharding and a completely new form of sharding Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:19 [why 10m TPS?] its just a random number some kind of goal post so you can process the entirety of bitcoins history in 1minute and 30 seconds? would be a nice thing Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:21 coordicide and multiverse would essentially use the same sharding principles I hope that we can share more on that soon Oh its quite concrete we are starting to write math papers about it already Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:23 FPC is perfectly fine for sharding you have to forget the discrete sharding world of blockchains where you just make n copies of the same thing its very different Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:30 I would LOVE to share that with you but maybe just wait a but longer - we will be more open about this pretty soon let's just say that we still have some aces in our sleeves Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:49 nope I am completely new in crypto but I am pretty sure that some people might "know me from before" if they would know what I did before Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전8:57 dude the IF has reached a stage where it would survive without anbybody I could drop dead tomorrow and the IF would continue, same goes for David or anybody else Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:00 all the corporates and everything ... it might not be fully reflected in the price yet but IOTA has a really really bright future Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:01 I think we are starting to see a pretty bullish sentiment around IOTA lately I only hope that its due to our increased transparency with a clear roadmap and everyhting, and not just some random fluke in the prices It would just feel much more "rewarding" to be a consequence of our efforts :joy: Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:05 i am buying more IOTA every month : was very happy about the low prices but I can understand that if you just "have to believe" and have no insight about the actual progress, then these prices can feel more concerning than a "bargain" Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:13 Do you really expect a guy working on IOTA to not be bullish about the tech and everything? I am not in IOTA for the moneyzzz Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:18 if you are asking for investment advice, then I am most probably the worst person to ask as my trades in crypto have always been horrible Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:20 I didn't have the chance to be around in the ICO days so I need to take what's left Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:27 I don't know man - everybody that I know is not willing to sell Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:35 Yassin is the proof that "reputation" is worth something A man of honor - my deepest respect to you man People who stick to their word and can be trusted are sadly a rare thing in today's world Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:39 I anyway think that we have way too much tribalism in crypto people should really stop praising "people and projects" and instead start to praise ideas and concepts Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:43 I mean I get the whole concept of having a single currency and shit, but if the tech is bad? I mean this is the first time in the history of humans that we can "design" the very foundation of our social and economical layer why would we not go for the best available tech? bitcoin was "a breakthrough" when it was released and it helped to kickstart a whole field of research but its clearly not the best possible solution Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:47 ultimately the best tech will win just look at bitcoins dominance its fading long term sure it was time for a correction from the 2017 run of alts Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:47 but the overall trend is pretty clear bitcoins days are numbered Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:54 maybe I can leak one thing about IOTA's sharding solution without giving away too much: Every single node can individually decide how much data it wants to process - so you can have very very resource-constrained nodes like sensors and stuff in the same network as nodes with hundreds of cores and they will be able to work together seamlessly there will essentially be no "minimum hardware requirements" for a node (of course you have "some" requirements to even be able to run some kind of logic) Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:56 We are on the forefront of research when it comes to VDF's but its not really related VDFs would maybe be a way to replace PoW in the future as a rate control mechanism Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전9:58 you don't need big nodes you can be as big as you want to be but naturally some nodes will have more power than others Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:01 possible - the whole mana system is based on "reputation", if you run a reliable cluster of nodes that people are willing to use, then you can earn mana and since mana decides how many transactions you can issue, you can of course "allow others to use your resources" for money so operating a reliable node cluster could be sth that people might do "for a living" in the future maybe it would be best to build up a reputation already today Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:03 if you have funds in the network, then you will generate more than enough mana to have enough "shares" in the network to use it for free but if anybody wants to just piggyback on the network without holding tokens, then he might have to pay a "fee" Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:05 if you want to send a lot of data transactions, then you better have some tokens I mean its just fair, right? you don't have any stake in the network but you wanna use it? then pay for it but people who have funds in the network can use it for free Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:07 i think ultimately the community will provide a plugin for the nodes, where you can "automatically" rent your excess reputation for some income Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:08 [what would the income be ?] tokens IOTA Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:09 by the people who want to use the network more than what their token holding would allow them to so they rent "mana" from the people who have it Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:10 the internet took off when flat-rate emerged and prices became predictable the same is true for crypto Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:11 thats why companies like IOTA so much ... it creates a platform that has "predictable" prices any mining based crypto will never be able to offer the same Beeing feeless is not just a "funny feature", its the key to mass adoption Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:14 If I run a node and have funds in the network, then why would I pay anybody anything? I am supporting the network already by using it Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:16 Yeah we are using "mana 2" now which is also the one that is implemented in the goshimmer mana package the formulas are going to change a bit tho we had like 16 different versions of mana with all very different implications on game theory and code Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:18 but serguei is the expert when it comes to game theory and we are pretty confident that we have chosen the correct survivor Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:19 [The mana implementation does seem like the slipperiest slope] it uses a few economic theories from the early 20th century (from silvio gesell) by having smth like a "demurrage function" so the rich dont get richer its software - if any design decision turns out to be problematic, you patch it Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:20 [So it’s hard to maintain a high mana] its not like you have to live with it for thousands of years like in our current FIAT system if you make it right from the start, the rich will never become that powerful that they could even dare to fork Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:22 you are "RENTING" out your excess resources that doesn't mean that you will broadcast everything unseen If somebody tries to use your node to perform an attack you will just ignore it of course you might "lose the fees" that they would be willing to pay you to perform this attack, but ultimately you will have to decide what is more valuable to you the few cents of IOTA you earn or your "reputation / mana" Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:25 the nodes will perform all of the sanity checks, so they don't "accidently" take part in an attack of course the point is that its a voting system based on mana if I use your node to "issue a transaction", then I maybe pay you for issuing this tx but your "opinion on that tx" is independent of that Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:29 actually I even think that the whole coordicide principles especially in connection with the sharding are very much in line with cfb's initial vision - and I am actually a bit sad that he never really dared to honestly look into them Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:29 I was even thinking about "naming" the multiverse "cfbs vision" once maybe its more (pauls's vision) than cfbs vision paul handy was one of the other early developers of IOTA btw. and a very very smart person I have to say a lot of the ideas that we are currently pursuing go back to his line of thinking Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:32 the infamous "ontology principles" the ultimate goal is to be able to run "anything" on the tangle - not just value transfers but literally anything, event remotely related to DLT's I envision IOTA being a general purpose DLT platform pretty much like TCP/IP was for the internet Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:36 I introduced "broadcasts" a few days ago as a new concept that is the equivalent of UDP messages Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:49 I think that one of the things where cfb and me disagree regarding the "vision of IOTA" is that he think thats we should "finalize" the protocol as soon as possible (or "set it in stone" as he likes to call it), so hardware manufacturer can start to build hardware, whereas I think that it makes much more sense for it to be something like an "open evolving standard" that is so flexible that you can literally build whatever the fuck you want based on this protocol. The internet wouldn't have been the internet, if it would have "just" been for sending scientific messages between researchers. I can not anticipate and know what humans might do with DLT in the future, so limiting myself to "only value transfers" is IMHO the wrong decision. for something to be successful, it needs to be able to "model" everything that could possibly exist Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:51 IOTA will be able to run "anything" on top of it - even "virtual instances of other cryptocurrencies" and its not going to be some quirky slow emulation - it would most probably even be faster and more reliable than when being implemented without it Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:52 similar to "INTEL inside" you will most probably see sth like "Tangle inside" soon Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:54 "any application" running on top of the tangle (MAM, DID, Qubic, Matrix ... you name them) would ALWAYS have to be able to process IOTA value transfers THAT's what will give the token a value Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:55 if everybody can already "speak the same language" anyway, then people will also use that language to communicate which means that people will use the IOTA token to transfer value so we don't need to "force ourselves" on others - they will come by themselves because its the only thing that makes sense Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전10:57 [so Hans, $10 EOY still ?] if btc stays where it is? hard to achieve i'd say most probably not it always takes some time for people to "wake up" dunno maybe it goes fast most weak hands are gone in IOTA Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:00 But seriously guys ... the price of course is interesting but if we are able to pull this off, then this will be the start of a new form of society it will affect everything the way we interact .... even the way we behave towards each other I am not even sure if you need to be "rich" in that kind of society Star trek sounds like a nice vision Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:20 [once IOTA is completely implemented, its gonna be a matter of energy consumption optimization race I guess?] ultimately, yes whatever crypto is going to be the "cheapest" one to "operate" will win Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:22 BUT that is at the same time "expressive" enough to not have "niches" for weird competitors, that claim to be even a "little bit better" in one of the aspects it needs to be the best possible solution that humans are most probably able to come up with Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:23 if even the smallest something can be improved, then it should become part of the core rather than a competing project not having miners and being able to "upgrade" whenever it is necessary, is what will give IOTA power not setting stuff in stone today Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:29 I guess what fascinates me the most about IOTA is that people have a different kind of philosophy - in crypto people are usually sharing the mindset of "let's destroy the banks ... or .... the FED ... or whoever they consider to be their enemy IOTA for me is not so much about "destroying somebody else" rather than "creating something new" Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:30 But the "mindset and motivation" makes all the difference And I feel like large parts of the community "understand and share" that vision Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:34 there are plenty of "problems" where DLT is not the right answer but there are most probably also quite a few that we haven't even thought about, yet that go way beyond just "finance" Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:38 [Has IF any plans for anonymous transactions Hans?] it's current not our main point of research but I would say ultimately yes the fact thats its feeless make "mixing" funds a very feasible solution But even on top of that (like zero knowledge proofs and stuff) If there is a use case, then you should be able to do it with IOTA. that's what I mean with "general purpose DLT" platform whatever is possible should be doable with the protocol - not "just" IoT value transfers Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:42 everything you could most probably think of the same way as TCP/IP allows you to play computer games, send emails, or watch streams Hans Moog [IF]어제 오전11:48 tomorrow I start merging the first ledger-related stuff into the development branch from the outside it will most probably look like any other day : but starting to work on the "final version" which is supposed to be ready end of Q1 is a big milestone for us 2 months left Hans Moog [IF]어제 오후12:04 100% agree - let's finish this shit! we have "talked" for quite a while - the coming months, we will have to show what we "have"
The Dow fell 973.65, or 4.44%, to 20,943.51, the Nasdaq lost 339.52, or 4.41%, to 7,360.58, and the S&P 500 declined 114.09, or 4.41%, to 2,470.50. The stock market retreated more than 4% to start the second quarter on Wednesday, as President Trump warned that the next two weeks will be "very painful" in terms of coronavirus fatalities. The S&P 500 (-4.4%), Dow Jones Industrial Average (-4.4%), and Nasdaq Composite (-4.4%) each fell 4.4%. The Russell 2000 underperformed with a 7.1% decline. In COVID-19 news, The Hill reported that Florida Governor Ron DeSantis said he will sign an executive order requiring the state's residents to limit their movement outside of their homes. DeSantis has faced intense criticism for refusing to issue a stay-at-home order, the report noted. Meanwhile, the latest data from the Johns Hopkins Whiting School of Engineering shows there are now 911,308 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 45,497 deaths due to the disease. The coronavirus task force on Tuesday estimated that deaths attributed to COVID-19 could total 100,000-240,000 in the U.S. with daily deaths projected to peak in two weeks. To help contain the outbreak, and hopefully bring these figures down, Florida, Nevada, and Pennsylvania joined the growing list of states to issue 'stay at home' orders for 30 days. Original assumptions made by the medical community were based on the data coming out of China, which the U.S. intelligence community said underrepresented the real number of cases and deaths in the country, according to Bloomberg. The White House's projections, based on new data being released every day, had the market worried about the social and psychological effects on the economy. In U.S. data, ADP reported private payrolls fell "only" 27,000 in March, which was not as bad as many had forecast. However, ADP acknowledged the data don't really reflect the realities on the ground as a lot of the firings have taken place after the week that ended its survey. The ISM manufacturing index dropped 1.0 point to 49.1 in March, which was also not as bad as feared. Markit's manufacturing PMI was revised down to 48.5 in the final print for March. That was a little lower than the 49.2 flash reading for the month and down 2.2 points from February's 50.7 reading. Construction spending dropped 1.3% in February. In China, the Caixin manufacturing PMI climbed 9.8 points to 50.1 in March, almost fully recovering from the 10.8 point drop to the record low of 40.3 in February. The better than expected bounce is in line with the surprising 16.3 point jump in the official index to 52.0. In turn, no S&P 500 sector was spared in today's sell-off with ten sectors losing at least 3.0%, including 6.1% declines in the real estate and utilities sectors. The consumer staples sector performed relatively better with a 1.8% decline. In M&A news, TMUS announced that it has officially completed its merger with S to create the new T-Mobile. The company also announced that with close of the merger, it has successfully completed its long-planned CEO transition from John Legere to Mike Sievert ahead of schedule. Among the notable losers was XRX, -7.1% withdrawing its offer to acquire HPQ, -14.5%, MAR, -7.6% disclosing a data breach that affected 5.2 million customers, and M, -9.8% being removed from the S&P 500. Shares of GM fell 7.3% after the automaker announced that it delivered 618,335 vehicles in the U.S. in the first quarter of 2020, a decrease of about 7% compared to a year ago. "The industry experienced significant declines in March due to the outbreak of COVID-19," noted GM in its sales announcement. Meanwhile, FCAU reported a 10% decline in its first quarter sales to 446,768 vehicles, also noting that "the strong momentum in January and February was more than offset by the negative economic impact of the coronavirus in March." Additionally, Toyota North America (TM) reported that sales in March fell 36.9% on a volume basis and 31.8% on a daily selling rate basis year-over-year. Among the noteworthy gainers was KGC, which rose over 11% after it said its mines continue to operate and have not materially been impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. The company also withdrew guidance for fiscal 2020 in light of the outbreak. Also higher was AMRN, which surged 24.5% after Jefferies analyst Michael Yee hosted a conference call with life sciences patent lawyer Jacob Sherkow to discuss the Vascepa patent litigation. During the call, Sherkow said that he believes Amarin has a 50% chance to win an appeal and a more than 80% chance of getting an injunction. In the oil market, the Wall Street Journal reported that Cherony7 is scheduled to meet Friday with the heads of some of the largest U.S. oil companies to discuss government measures to help the industry weather an unprecedented oil crash. The meeting is to take place at the White House and will include Trump, XOM Chief Executive Darren Woods, CVX Chief Executive Mike Wirth, OXY Chief Executive Vicki Hollub and Harold Hamm, executive chairman of CLR, according to the Journal. Stocks in Asia were lower on Wednesday as a private survey showed Chinese manufacturing activity expanding slightly in March. In Japan, the Nikkei 225 led losses among the region’s major markets as it dropped 4.5% to close at 18,065.41.
The dollar advanced on Wednesday, with markets staring at what looked likely to be one of the worst economic contractions in decades as the world confronts the coronavirus pandemic. The U.S. Dollar Index rose 0.6% to 99.65, approaching yesterday's high.
EUUSD: -0.9% to 1.0933
GBP/USD: -0.4% to 1.2373
USD/CNH: +0.6% to 7.1290
USD/JPY: -0.3% to 107.16
U.S. Treasuries ended the midweek session on a mixed note for the second day in a row, but shorter tenors underperformed today while longer tenors recovered yesterday's losses. The long end outperformed from the start after Treasury futures rallied overnight. That rally took place as most global equity markets faced renewed selling pressure to begin Q2. 10s and 30s built on their opening gains during the first two hours of trade, while the 2-yr note headed in the opposite direction before rallying toward its high into the close. Interestingly, the late push in the 2-yr note took place as longer tenors slipped to fresh lows.
2-yr: +2 bps to 0.22%
3-yr: UNCH at 0.27%
5-yr: -1 bp to 0.37%
10-yr: -6 bps to 0.64%
30-yr: -6 bps to 1.29%
Gold prices firmed on Wednesday as investors sought safe-haven assets after somber U.S. economic data exacerbated fears of a economic downturn amid increasing lockdowns and other restrictions globally to combat the coronavirus pandemic.
WTI crude: -1.0% to $20.32/bbl
Gold: -0.1% to $1592.40/ozt
Copper: -2.3% to $2.176/lb
U.S. grain and soybean futures fell in tandem with a sinking stock market on Wednesday, with wheat down more than 3% in its largest slide in more than a month after nearly two weeks of gains fueled by coronavirus grocery stockpiling. Soybeans fell more than 2%, the most in 2-1/2 weeks, and most corn contracts posted fresh life-of-contract lows as worries over burdensome supplies weighed on prices.
Following Bitcoin’s bout of consolidation within the mid-$6,000 region, the benchmark cryptocurrency has seen a slight decline that has led it down towards the support that has been established around $6,000.
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